Unbeknownst to many, there is an historically established, biblically sound and ancient alternative to the Reformation’s nearly 600 yr. old Calvinist vs. Arminian theological gridlock. Don’t let anyone push you around by telling you it’s “either, or” when (in reality) it’s “neither, nor.” That’s the beauty of Anabaptist theology; and quite compellingly, that is where “Baptists” got their name. After the main events of the Reformation, English Baptists reduced the name “Anabaptist” in 1646, because they affirmed that genuine baptism is done only once, after salvation. However, due to recent theological shifts in denominationalism and given current societal climate, I see the title, “Anabaptist” emerging again among missions focused, non-denominational believers.
Anabaptist History and Theology Resources:
Anabaptists, The by Scot McKnight via Patheos
Anabaptists, The by ThirdMill.org
Baptist Heritage Time Line – An Account of (Ana)Baptistic Peoples from about A.D. 32 till ~ A.D.2004
This Day in Baptist History (vols. 1-3) by David L. Cummins (my late Church history professor)
Were the Anabaptists Persecuted for Their Faith? by Reformationsa.org — to answer these claims that the Anabaptists were rebels and radical, violent revolutionaries; those of the anabaptist faith tradition have always been for the religious liberty of all, for separation of Church and State, for believers’ baptism and for pacifism. If this can be called violent and radical rebellion, then up is down. But, I do admit these ideas were radical (and could be considered rebellious) to anyone who holds Divine Right to Rule due to Covenant Replacement Theology as described above. In 1529, the Anabaptists were cleared of charges for instigating the Peasant Rebellion. Lastly, there has historically been one “off-shoot” sect of Anabaptists known for having resorted to violence during the Reformation, known as the Munster Kingdom–again, a radical, atypical sect which other Anabaptists rejected (1534-1535).