Neither, Nor: Anabaptist Theology

Unbeknownst to many, there is an historically established, biblically sound and ancient alternative to the Reformation’s nearly 600 yr. old Calvinist vs. Arminian theological gridlock. Don’t let anyone push you around by telling you it’s “either, or” when (in reality) it’s “neither, nor.” That’s the beauty of Anabaptist theology; and quite compellingly, that is where “Baptists” got their name. After the main events of the Reformation, English Baptists reduced the name “Anabaptist” in 1646, because they affirmed that genuine baptism is done only once, after salvation. However, due to recent theological shifts in denominationalism and given current societal climate, I see the title, “Anabaptist” emerging again among missions focused, non-denominational believers.

Anabaptist History and Theology Resources:

Anabaptists, The by Scot McKnight via Patheos

Anabaptists, The by ThirdMill.org

Anabaptist Wiki

Anabaptists and the Reformation

Anabaptists – History Learning Site

Baptist Heritage Time Line – An Account of (Ana)Baptistic Peoples from about A.D. 32 till ~ A.D.2004

Encyclopedia Britannica – Anabaptist (Protestantism)

Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement

Northern Seminary

Persecution of the Anabaptists

Radicals of the Reformation

Story of the Church – The Anabaptists

This Day in Baptist History (vols. 1-3) by David L. Cummins (my late Church history professor)

Third Grid Theology and Third Grid Theology on Revival by Dr. John VanGelderen

Were the Anabaptists Persecuted for Their Faith? by Reformationsa.org — to answer these claims that the Anabaptists were rebels and radical, violent revolutionaries; those of the anabaptist faith tradition have always been for the religious liberty of all, for separation of Church and State, for believers’ baptism and for pacifism. If this can be called violent and radical rebellion, then up is down. But, I do admit these ideas were radical (and could be considered rebellious) to anyone who holds Divine Right to Rule due to Covenant Replacement Theology as described above. In 1529, the Anabaptists were cleared of charges for instigating the Peasant Rebellion. Lastly, there has historically been one “off-shoot” sect of Anabaptists known for having resorted to violence during the Reformation, known as the Munster Kingdom–again, a radical, atypical sect which other Anabaptists rejected (1534-1535).

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