Mark 1:14 — 3:12 | The Authority of Jesus as Messiah, the Son of God

Book of Mark 1:14 — 3:12

The Authority of Jesus as Messiah, the Son of God

  1. Jesus’ authority is based on approval of the Father and anointing of the Spirit and witnessed by a prophet foretold (1:1-13)
  2. Jesus has authority to preach the Gospel of God’s Kingdom 1:14-15
  3. Jesus has authority to call and lead disciples 1:16-20
  4. Jesus has authority to teach the Scriptures accurately 1:21-22
  5. Jesus has authority to command unclean spirits/demons 1:23-28
  6. Jesus has authority over sicknesses as well as demons 1:29-34
  7. Jesus placed higher priority on preaching the gospel of God’s Kingdom than on healing and exorcism or popularity. 1:35 — 2:13
    1. He spent solitary time in prayer, through which the Father led him to leave the crowds of Galilee. (1:35-38)
    2. In opposition to his being sought for healing, he said, “Let’s go somewhere else… so that I can preach the gospel; that is why I came.” (1:35-38)
    3. When a leper sought him for healing, Jesus showed righteous anger, healed the man and then scolded him & cast him away, commanding him not to tell anyone about the healing. Jesus did not want a following of people more interested in his healing than in his teaching. Some wish to be healed for the “betterment” of their physical existence. Jesus wants people to realize their greatest need is the Gospel of God’s Kingdom he preaches. (1:39-45)
    4. His not being able to enter cities and people flocking to him for healing only are the consequences of someone telling about Jesus’ free healing, not obeying Jesus’ command “tell no one.” (1: 39-45)
    5. So, Jesus began to use healing as times of teaching about forgiveness of sin. The outward became a sign of the inward. (2:1-13)
  8. Jesus has the authority to forgive sins. (2:1-13)
    1. Jesus calls & spends time with outcasts, low-lifes, and sinners because He came to call sinners to repentance. (2:14-22)
    2. The hopeless need hope. (2:14-17)
    3. The whole do not need a physician (2:14-17)
  9. Jesus has authority that supersedes any tradition, ritual or law. (2:18-28 — 3:6)
    1. Fasting (vv. 18-20) is only to be done by believers who do not have Jesus physically with them. [That’s us.]
    2. The Gospel of God’s Kingdom cannot be contained in the old laws and traditions (vv. 21-22)
    3. The Son of Man is Lord, even of the Sabbath. (2: 23-28 — 3:6)
      • The Sabbath was made for the benefit of man. Man was not made for the benefit of the Sabbath. (2:27) [i.e. God created a day of rest for our refreshment and praise to a God who is not a slave driver. God did not to make it more laborious or to bind us with restriction]
      • Jesus uses healing as times of teaching about his having authority that supersedes any ritual or law, just as Jesus used healing to show he has authority to forgive sins. (3:1-5)
      • Some people hate Jesus for this and wish to kill him. (3:6)
  10. Jesus’ authority is known despite opposition (3:7-12)
    1. The opposition of the Pharisees takes off.
    2. The opposition of those seeking healing more than teaching continues. Jesus adapts.
    3. The opposition of demons tormenting people and declaring Jesus as the Son of God is ever present.

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